The Coronavirus Food
Assistance Program will provide direct relief to producers who faced price
declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19.
About the Coronavirus
Food Assistance Program
USDA Secretary Sonny
Perdue announced the Coronavirus Food Assistance program on April 17, 2020.
CFAP will use funding and authorities provided in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief,
and Economic Security Act, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, and other
USDA existing authorities. This $19 billion immediate relief program includes
direct support to agricultural producers as well as the Farmers to
Families Food Box Program.
CFAP will provide
vital financial assistance to producers of agricultural commodities who have
suffered a five-percent-or-greater price decline or who had losses due to
market supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and face additional significant
market costs. Eligible commodities include:
- Non-specialty Crops: malting barley, canola,
corn, upland cotton, millet, oats, soybeans, sorghum, sunflowers, durum wheat,
and hard red spring wheat
- Livestock: cattle, hogs, and sheep (lambs and
- Specialty Crops
- Fruits: apples, avocados, blueberries,
cantaloupe, grapefruit, kiwifruit, lemons, oranges, papaya, peaches, pears,
raspberries, strawberries, tangerines, tomatoes, watermelons
- Vegetables: artichokes, asparagus, broccoli, cabbage,
carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, garlic, iceberg
lettuce, romaine lettuce, dry onions, green onions, peppers, potatoes, rhubarb,
spinach, squash, sweet potatoes, taro
- Nuts: almonds, pecans, walnuts
- Other: beans, mushrooms
Eligible farmers and
ranchers will receive one CFAP payment, drawn from two possible funding
sources. The first source of funding is $9.5 billion in appropriated funding
provided in the CARES Act and compensates farmers for losses due to price
declines that occurred between mid-January 2020, and mid-April 2020 and for
specialty crops for product that was shipped and spoiled or unpaid product. The
second funding source uses the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act to
compensate producers for $6.5 billion in losses due to on-going market
Beginning May 26,
USDA’s Farm Service Agency will be accepting applications from agricultural
producers who have suffered losses. While offices are open by phone
appointment only, FSA will be working with our agricultural producers by phone
and using email and online tools to process applications.
The application form
and a payment calculator for producers will be available online once signup Link to a video explaining the
payment calculator. is currently available.
To learn more about
specific commodities, click below.
Livestock Specific Aid
(person or legal entity) of specified agricultural commodities outlined above
who have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline as a result of
the COVID-19 pandemic, and who face substantial marketing costs for inventories,
are eligible for CFAP payments.
To be eligible for
payments, a person or legal entity must have an average adjusted gross income
of less than $900,000 for tax years 2016, 2017, and 2018. However, if 75
percent of their adjusted gross income comes from farming, ranching, or
forestry, the AGI limit of $900,000 does not apply.
Persons and legal
entities also must:
- comply with the provisions of the “Highly
Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation” regulations, often called the
conservation compliance provisions;
- if a foreign person, provides land, capital,
and a substantial amount of active personal labor to the farming operation; and
- not have a controlled substance violation.
Limitations and Structure
CFAP payments are
subject to a per person and legal entity payment limitation of $250,000. This
limitation applies to the total amount of CFAP payments made with respect to
all eligible commodities.
Unlike other FSA
programs, special payment limitation rules will be applied to participants that
are corporations, limited liability companies, and limited partnerships
(corporate entities). These corporate entities may receive up to $750,000 based
upon the number of shareholders (not to exceed three shareholders) who
contribute at least 400 hours of active person management or personal active
For a corporate
- With one such shareholder the payment limit
for the entity is $250,000;
- With two such shareholders, the payment limit
for the entity is $500,000 if at least two members contribute substantial labor
or management with respect to the operation of the corporate entity; and
- With three such shareholders, the limit is
$750,000 if at least three members contribute substantial labor or management
with respect to the operation of the corporate entity.
To ensure the
availability of funding throughout the application period, producers will
receive 80 percent of their maximum total payment upon approval of the
application. The remaining portion of the payment, not to exceed the payment
limit, will be paid at a later date as funds remain available.
How to Prepare
USDA will begin taking
applications for CFAP on May 26. While the application process has not started,
you can start gathering and understanding your farm’s recent sales and
Your local FSA staff
will work with you to apply for the program, and through forms that will ask
for the following information:
- Name and address
- Personal information, including your Tax
- Farm operating structure
- Adjusted Gross Income compliance certification
to ensure eligibility
- Direct deposit to enable payment processing
Please do not send any
personal information to USDA without first initiating contact through a phone
call. We take your privacy and security of your information very seriously. You
can find contact information for your local USDA Service Center at the bottom
of the page.
How to Apply Once
While offices are open
for business by phone appointment only, FSA will be working with our
agricultural producers by phone and using email and online tools to process
applications. Once the application period opens, please call your FSA county
office to schedule an appointment.
FSA staff at local
USDA Service Centers will work with producers to file applications.
Applications will be submitted electronically either by scanning, emailing, or
faxing. Please call your office prior to sending applications electronically.
In addition to the
application form, our staff will work with you to complete portions of the
CCC-902 – Farm Operating Plan – if necessary. Additionally, the following forms
will be needed for CFAP; if you are an existing customer, this information is
likely on file at your local Service Center.
- CCC-901 (Also Available in
Spanish) – Identifies
members of a farm or ranch that is a legal entity. Member Information will be
completed by legal entities and joint operations to collect the following:
- member names, addresses, and Tax
- citizenship status
- CCC-941 (Also Available in
Spanish) – Reports your
average adjusted gross income for programs where income restrictions apply.
- CCC-942 – If applicable, this certification
reports income from farming, ranching, and forestry, for those exceeding the
adjusted gross income limitation.
- AD-1026 (Also Available in
Spanish) – Ensures
compliance with highly erodible land conservation and wetland conservation.
- AD-2047 – Provides basic customer contact
- SF-3881 – Collects your banking information to
allow USDA to make payments to you via direct deposit.
FSA has streamlined
the signup process to not require an acreage report at the time of application
and a USDA farm number may not be immediately needed.
CFAP and Small
Business Administration Programs
Participation in SBA’s
Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) or Economic Injury Disaster Loan program does
not impact producer eligibility for CFAP or for any USDA farm program. The PPP
duplicate benefit provision does not have an impact on FSA farm programs or
farm loan programs.
- Frequently Asked
Questions: These include recent
questions that we have received from producers. They were last updated on May
Toolkit: USDA encourages
producers and agricultural groups to share information with those in their
network. This toolkit includes an article, an infographic, and social media
- CFAP Prepare Now
infographic shares what producers can do now to prepare for applying for CFAP.
- CFAP Introductory
Webinar: This webinar
hosted by USDA’s Farm Service Agency and Agricultural Marketing Service
provides basic information on how producers can prepare for the upcoming signup
for CFAP. The transcript for this webinar is available in